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Full text of "Historical pageant, closing the centennial celebration, June 6-13, 1914, of the founding of New Harmony, Indiana, in 1814, presented by the school children of the town assisted by their friends, June 13, 1914, at early candle-light. Book of words"

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NewHarmony. Indiana 




Closing the Centennial Celebration, June 6-13, 19 14-, of the Founding 
of New Harmony, Indiana, in 1814- 














By charity DYE 







The school children's historical pageant is a distinct division of pageantry in 
itself, demanding special considerations of time, preparation, choice of material, 
and adjustments to the age and development of those taking part. It should be 
borne in mind that children have no large background of experience and hence 
the methods used with adults can not be used with them. The evolution of the 
school pageant has been in response to the play spirit along educative lines, and 
marks a difference between the mere spectacular performance, which is gotten up 
in haste and dies as soon as it is born, and the one that makes permanent im- 
pression of what is valuable to the development of the pupil, and is presented in 
conformity to the known laws of education. Under the wise management of 
Mr. Mangrum, the superintendent of the schools, who began five months in ad- 
vance, the New Harmony pageant soon proved its educational value. It has 
made community interest and co-operation a living reality; it has telescoped the 
history of the town and the region in the minds of the children and taught them 
of people and events more vividly than could have been otherwise possible; it 
has united the entire school system of the place by giving every child some active 
part in preparing for the great historic event of celebrating the founding of the 
town. The very least ones have been cutting with the scissors the pageant 
scenes, outlined by the teacher, and making silhouettes ; others have been draw- 
ing the outlines; some naming the birds of the district; others, the trees; and 
still others noting the procession of wild flowers, all to show the nature of the 
region. Older ones are making maps of the town and the topography of the 
land, or drawing posters, and the prominent buildings of historical note. The 
higher grades are using the scenes in original composition work of character 
study and the dramatization of events. Music has been a feature all the way 
along. Boys have been heard singing "Lo ! I Uncover the Land" from the 
pageant, with happy loud voice. New Harmony is a rural community with only 
three hundred school children ; what has been done there is possible to some 
degree in every community in the state. The pageant lends itself especially to 
rural regions wherever there is a school or several schools to unite in a fes- 
tival for honoring those who have helped to make public education possible. The 
near approach of the centenary of the Statehood of Indiana in 1916 — furnishes 
the psychological moment that makes it both a privilege and a duty to arouse in 
every school in the state, a new interest in its own environment or local history, 
thus leading to a wider interest and conception of historic growth. The work 
of the historical pageant in the schools of Indiana should begin next September 
so as to give ample time without interfering with the regular work that must 
otherwise be done. Richmond, Vincennes, Fort Wayne, LaFayette and many 
other Indiana cities are especially rich in pageant material, to say nothing of the 
wealth in this respect in the rural communities on every side. 

Charity Dye. 

May 20, 1914. 



The Forest Primeval 
The Prologue 
Statement of the Pages 

Episode I 


Scene I. The Indians and French Fur Traders 

Scene II. The French Missionaries 

Scene III. The British Red Coat and the Colonial Soldier 

Scene IV. The Pioneer 

Episode II 

Scene I. The Landing of the Men in 1814 
Scene II. The Landing of the Families One Year Later, 1815 
Scene III. A Day in the Rappite Community 
Scene IV. The Transference of Harmonie to Robert Owen 
Scene V. The Departure of the Rappites, 1825 

Episode III 

Scene I Meeting of the Community. Robert Owen Speaks 
Scene II Welcome to the Boat Load of Knowledge 
Scene III. A Visit to the Owen School 
Scene IV. A Social Evening in the Owen Community 

All Unite with the Music of the Band and Sing America 


CESSIONS OF LAND. — The second charter of King James the First 
ceded "All those Lands, Countries, and Territories, situate, lying and being in 
that part of America, called Virginia, from the Point of Land, called Cape or 
Point Comfort, all along the Sea Coast to the Northward, two hundred miles, 
and from the said Point ... all along the Sea Coast to the Southward two 
hundred Miles, and all that Space and Circuit of Land lying from the Sea Coast 
of the Precinct aforesaid, up into the Land throughout from Sea to Sea." 

Virginia had in 1781 declared her readiness to cede her lands Northwest of 
the Ohio river to the General Government. But owing to the terms proposed by 
her, agreement was not reached till March 1, 1784, when, upon the authority 
previously given by the Virginia Legislature, her delegates in Congress ceded 
this land to the General Government. 

The Ordinance of 1787 and the beginning of Indiana Territory in 1800 are 
known to every school child in the state. 



Hear ye ! Hear ye ! The school children's pageant commemorat- 
ing the one hundredth anniversary of the founding of New Harmony, 
Indiana, in the year 1814 is now to begin. You will first see the spirit 
of the Forest primeval, represented by the wood sprites, who will dance. 
After this the Prologue will be spoken. 


The stage is set ivith trees in boxes, and the ivoodland sprites, 
dressed to represent spring and garlanded ivith zvreaths made of leaves, 
zvind in and out among the trees as they dance. 


An ancient king had once a crystal globe 

Which imaged all his realm and men and deeds ; 

He only had to look therein to see 

His entire kingdom vast before his eyes. 

The crystal globe we have today is Time 

In which who wills, may look into the past 

And plainly read through books, and art, and men 

Of what was done along the centuries gone. 

Each one of which though marking but a span. 

Doth also measure lives and progress made. 

And outposts point for those unborn to reach 

Before they pass from off the scene of life. 

Look you now backward in Time's crystal globe 

Upon this land three hundred years ago 

And feel the primal hush that reigned supreme 

Before man's voice broke in the central gloom. 

Then England's King did royal charter grant. 

And other cessions came and laws were made 

And Indiana Territory formed. 

Now see far back the long procession start ! 

First owner of the soil, the Red Man, comes 

Well pleased with happy hunting ground so large, 

And none to claim or question his first right. 

Next comes the friendly Frenchman to buy skins, 

Or plant the Cross or tell the tidings glad 

Of peace on earth and of good will to man. 

The pale-faced pioneer soon follows on 


Well armed with woodman's ax to blaze the way, 
And build the cabin in the clearing wild 
Where all the simple joys of hearth and home 
]\Iake him free man and founder of a line. 
Look back again and hear the news of war ; 
The British Red Coat now invades the land. 
To meet him comes the manly pioneer 
Now called "Colonial Soldier," who defends 
His home and country, dear as life itself. 
The years go by and quiet rules the land ; 
But look again ! now towards the river banks, 
And see the Rappites marked with deep intent; 
They come not singly as the pioneer ; 
A hundred strong they come as brothers true, 
Whose life means work, forgetting self in all. 
As conquerors they come to plant and reap 
And build ; to give and not to take and hoard. 
W^e see them move about in church and home 
And march to music, going forth to work ; 
Their lives are Godly and their leader true. 
For manhood strong, George Rapp example stands. 
They pass us by, but what they left behind 
Is still a witness of good life ; good work ! 
The Owen band from Lanark, now come here 
To work out social dreams in this fair spot ; 
To study nature and her laws and read 
Tlie message left by bird and stone and fish. 
Forgetting not the laws that govern men. 
The little children claim their tenderest care 
In training them to strength for adult life ; 
And woman is given a place within their scheme 
As helper in, and sharer of all work. 
Wise Robert Owen and his group were schooled 
In forethought for the good of all mankind. 
They too pass by in person not in thought ; 
Their influence helps to shape our lives today 
And all this country wide and grand looks on 
With interest in the tribute that we bring 
To honor them for teaching untried ways 
In education, science, law and love 
And all that makes for worth and higher life. 
Shall we go forth less worthy than our sires ? 
Or lift to heaven less worthy brows than they? 
Shall we not strive on towards the goal in view 
To which they pointed out and bade us reach? 
Let it not be in vain that we have met 


To look again back in Time's crystal globe 
And see the meaning of this day and hour 
That beckons on to fairer life in home ! 
In school, and church, and mart and nation wide. 

Note. At the close of the prologue the end trumpeters will conduct 
the speaker off the stage. The middle trumpeter ivill step to the front. 



You will now hear the chorus sing of this land, and listen to the 
pages tell of our right to it. 

I. SONG. "Lo! I Uncover the Land" 

Lo ! I uncover the land 
Which I hid of old time in the West, 
As the sculptor uncovers the statue 
When he has wrought his best. 

Emerson. {The Boston Hymn.) 

The chorus both comes and goes singing, remaining on the stage 
long enough to sing the stanza tzvice. 


First Page. King James's Charter, i6op 

This land from royal grant of England's King 
Dates back three hundred years or more, when we 
Of that domain named for the Virgin Queen, 
Were part. ~ 

Second Page. Virginia's Cession in I/84 

Virginia now doth cede her land that lies 
To north and west of the great river known 
As Ohio, unto the general government 
To which this spot henceforth belonged. 

Third Page. Northzvest Territory, lySy 

Our Congress then did straightway measures take 
For rule and bounds of this new gift of land 
And Ordinance of seventeen-eighty-seven. 
Far famed, did pass. The Northwest Territory 
Was the name by which we then were known. 


Fourth Page. Indiana Territory, 1800 

One portion of this tract was set apart 

And "Indiana Territory" called, 

And government commenced at Fort Vincennes 

In eighteen hundred. This was still our head 

When Father Rapp came his community 

To found here just a century ago. 

The pages in the foregoing scenes carry banners zvith the insignia 
of England, Colonial Virginia, the United States with the thirteen 
stars, and of Indiana Territory. 


THE WABASH VALLEY.— A celebration of the founding of New Har- 
mony naturally includes a mention of the thirty thousand acres of land bought 
by the Rappites for their settlement in 1814. This tract extended to Vincennes, 
which had then long been the most flourishing post west of the Alleghany moun- 
tains, and in which the Rappites had a trading center. 

Mr. Lockwood says : "In slow succession there passed through the beautiful 
valley of the Wabash, — 'described by Col. George Croghan as early as 1765 as 
one of the finest countries of the world' — the roving Indian, the Jesuit Mission- 
ary, the French fur trader, the British redcoat, the Colonial soldier, and the 
American pioneer." 





Give ye heed! Give ye heed! The Red Man is now to appear. 
You will see the braves and the squaws in their wigwams and in the 
dance ; also as they barter with the French fur traders. 

1. The Indians. 

a. An Indian Lullaby. 

b. Dances of the Squaws and the Braves. 

2. The French Fur Traders. 

a. Coming with trinkets for the Indians. 

b. Bartering with the Indians. 

The Indians and fur traders leave the stage at the middle of the 
hack, and return after the missionaries are on it. 



The French Missionaries are now coming. You will see them plant 
the Cross and hear them chant the songs of their religion, true to their 

The Misionaries are dressed in black gowns with girdles of the same 
at the left side, also with brimless caps, white collars, and possibly 
some of them zvith crosses on their breasts. Along with them are two 
standard-bearers, one carrying the cross and the other carrying the 
banner of the order ivith a cross in a Held of blue on one side and the 
motto, "TO THE GREATER GLORY OF GOD," on the reverse 
side. In one corner there will be a fleur-de-lis. They come and go in 
processional and recessional chanting "Stabat Mater" in both and also 
while they plant the cross. 




Behold the warriors ! They follow the missionaries. The Red 
Coat comes to invade and the Colonial soldier to defend this land. 

Each group of soldiers marches to the bugle playing the airs of its 
ozun country, and dressed in the uniform tvorn by the soldiers of Revo- 
lutionary times. 


B.AND Plays "Land of the Fathers" 


PIo, ye ! Ho, ye ! Ho, ye ! The pioneer is now at hand ! He is the 
home maker, the continent builder, the true hero of our new country. 
At his fireside are sown the seeds of our great American Democracy. 

Persons — Father, Jeremiah Jenkins ; mother, Nancy Hanks Jenkins ; 
children, Sarah, aged fourteen; Benjamin, twelve; Thomas, ten; 
Rachael, eight, and the baby boy. The grandmother. Visitors : 
Mr. and Mrs. White and little daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Jones and 
son Robert, the singing master, Mr. Brewster ; the hunter, Mr. 
Thomas, and the woodsman, Mr. Blake. 


"The Pioneer" 

(Tune, "My Native Land." In Sunnyside, p. 6i) 

I sing to thee, O Pioneer ! 
Whose manly strength without a fear, 
And purpose firm in Heaven's sight. 
Gives thee a place by crested knight, 
Or feudal lord o'er country side. 
Thou art the nation's honest pride ! 



Thy symbol, O brave Pioneer! 

Is woodsman's axe to forests clear 

And cabins raise in regions wild 

For sake of fireside, wife and child 

And country dear to fast upbuild. 

Now with thy praise our hearts are filled ! 


O noble, noble Pioneer ! 
We give thee honor now and here, 
In this our Middle West a part, 
Thanks come to thee from every heart, 
In words of love and hope and cheer. 
All hail ! our noble Pioneer ! 

Family having entered, father seats himself at the stand and takes 
out his glasses; mother places the baby in the cradle, then comes to the 
stand and takes out her sewing; Benjamin, Rachael and Thomas gather 
around the basket of corn to be shelled for the grist, and Sarah makes 
ready to spin at the big zvheel that stands a little zvays back. The 
grandmother takes out her knitting. 

Mr. Jenkins. — {Going to the zvall, taking down the almanac and re- 
turning to the stand as he opens it.) Well, Nancy, it's going to be 
clear to-morrer (and looking up) and the rest of the week. 

Mrs. Jenkins. — I'm powerful glad of it ! I want to go down and see 

Mrs. Simpson. She's been so poorly of late. 
Children. — (Gathered around the basket, cry out together.) Hooray! 

Hooray ! We're awful glad ! 
Benjamin. — (As he shells the corn.) 1 must get my walnuts in Sat- 
Thomas. — We're going to have speakin' in school Friday ! 
Sarah. — (Fixing her zvheel for spinning.) I want to go down to see 

Granny Jenkins Saturday. (Turning to her father, zvho is still 

looking at the almanac.) Daddy, read some of the jokes in the 

Mr. Jenkins. — (Reading.) "The horse is a curious feeder, for he 

feeds best without a bit in his mouth." (Children stop shelling corn 

to listen.) 

"The greatest ocean race known is what?" (Fishes.) (Children 

all laugh.) 


Mr. Jenkins. — Here's something for you to guess. 
Children. — Read ! read ! 

Mr. Jenkins. — Why does a hen cross the road? (Children all guess 
zvroug except Rachael, who sa\s "She tvants to go to the other 

]\Irs. Jenkins. — Right! Rachael is a good guesser! 

Mr. Jenkins. — {Again reads.) Two prisoners were quarreling. One 
said to the other, who had taken a watch, "What time is it?" He 
immediately answered the other, who had taken a cow, "It's milk- 
ing time, sir." {Children clap hands and cry,) "More, Daddy! 
More, Daddy!" Father says, "No more to-day. There's some 
mighty funny things in that almanac ! You'd better look in it once 
in a while." 

Mrs. Jenkins. — {Who has been sitting at the table sezving and now 
starts to thread her needle.) Children! children! I've lost my 
needle! Come, quick! quick! and get down and find it. {All, 
father included, hunt for the needle and make quite a scene.) 
Here's even grandmother, I declare ! 

Rachael. — {Holding up the needle.) I've found it! I've found it! 
{Bringing it to her mother.) 

Mrs. Jenkins. — {Taking the needle from Rachael.) Well, I declare! 
and my little Rachael ! Nothing can go on in this house when a 
needle's lost till it's found. I've brought up my family so far on 
four needles, jest because everything's stopped till they're found. 
Rachael, go look in the winder curtain and see if the other three are 
there. A needle's just as important as the axe or anything about 
the place. 

Rachael. — {Returning.) They're all there, mother. 

Mrs. Jenkins. — That's good. {A knock is heard at the door.) 

Mr. Jenkins. — (Loudly.) Come in. (There enter Mr. and Mrs. 
White and little daughter, Mrs. and Mr. Jones and little son, and 
Mr. Brewster, the singing master.) I'm mighty glad to see you! 

Mrs. Jenkins. — Howdy! (Shaking hands zvith all in a most cordial 
manner.) I'm powerful glad to see you! And here's Mr. Brew- 
ster, too. That means we're going to have some good singing to- 
night ! 

Mr. White. — We jest thought we'd scare you with so many of us. 
But the moon's so bright we couldn't stay in and so we thought 
we'd come and set till bedtime ! 

Mrs. Jenkins. — (As she disposes of the guests on chairs and stools.) 
Settin' till bedtime's what I like best of anything! People can't 


come here for that too often to suit me. {The grandmother comes 
forward and welcomes the guests and the children join Benjamin 
around the corn basket.) 

Mrs. Jones. — Are ye all well? 

Mrs. Jenkins. — Yes, the children have had a spell of the mumps and 
the chickenpox, but they're all over it now, 

Mr. Brewster. — {Who had joined the children upon entering, brings 
out Thomas by the hand, saying) I've found something fine for 
you all to hear! Our little Thomas is learning his a, b, c's and 
we're going to help him sing them. 

Mr. White. — Good ! My little girl is learning them too ! 

Mrs. Jones. — And so is our Robert ! 

Mr. Jenkins. — Well, Brewster, you do the leading! 

Mrs. Jones. — Begin all! {Children, led by Mr. Brewster, sing ba{ba), 

Mr. Jenkins. — Let's all help! {All join in ivith the children and sing 
ce{ce) and ta{ta), etc., till through.) 

Rachael. — Daddy, Sarah can sing the geography lesson ! 

Guests All. — Come, Sarah ! Come ! 

Mr. Jenkins. — Yes, Sarah, we'll all jine in and sing with you ! {All 
sing the capitals of the states.) 

Mr. Jones. — We can't sing the capital of our state yet. I wonder how 
long it'll be before Indiana Territory'll be a state? 

Rachael. — {Coming to the front.) Benji's going to speak a piece 

Mrs. Jenkins. — 'Pears like the childern's trying to show off to-night ! 

Mr. White. — Come, Benji! I'm jest waitin' to hear you speak your 
piece ! What's the name of it ? 

Benji. — Breathes There a Man ! 

Mr. White. — Good ! Good ! That's a fine piece, I know that ! {Ben- 
jamin speaks and all clap hands.) 

Grandmother. — {After going to the reel and taking off the yarn on 
it.) Come, Thomas ! Hold this for grandmother ! {Thomas holds 
the yarn, and after winding it grandmother resumes her knitting.) 

Rachael. — {Bringing the gourd from the zvall.) This is just like the 
one we have at school, and I passed the water round for the chil- 
dren to drink out of it the other day! {Mrs. Jones admires the 


Mrs. Jenkins. — (To Mrs. JVhite.) Have you seen my quilt since I 
finished it? 

Both Ladies. — Do show it to us ! 

Mrs. Jenkins. — Well, it's mighty purty! I did want to have a quilt- 
ing, but I couldn't get it in. There's nothing nicer than a quilting 
where you meet all your friends, and get so much done and the 
menfolk and the young people come in the evening. It's 'most like 
a weddin' ! 

Mrs. Jones. — We've not had a quilting in this neighborhood for quite 
a while ! I think they're nice, too. 

Mrs. Jenkins. — Do you see my chest there? (Pointing to it.) I keep 
my treasures in it. I'll bring my quilt out. (She goes to the chest 
and lifts many bundles out, placing them beside the chest, and 
brings out the quilt, zvhich all admire.) 

Mrs. White. — I heard you speak of another quilt that your mother 
pieced for you. 

Mrs. Jenkins. — Law, yes, I hardly ever take that out except to please 
the children once in a while. (Goes to chest and brings out quilt.) 

Mrs. Jones. — I never saw such a beauty ! 

Mrs. White — Ain't it purty? 

Mr. White. — A woman that could piece a quilt like that could do al- 
most anything. 

Mr. Jones. — I tell you the mothers of our children are mighty smart ! 

Mrs. Jenkins. — Well, since the chest is open, I'd as well show more. 
It'll be a long time before I open it again. (Lifting out a long roll 
of rag carpeting, spreads it on the floor. The children gather about 
and the visitors are filled zi'ith surprise.) 

Mrs. Jones. — And you did this? My! 

Mrs. Jenkins. — Yes, I spun every thread of it on that wheel. (Point- 
ing to the wheel.) I cut every rag and can tell where I got each 
piece. They are colored with walnut and copperas and sassafras. 

Mr. Jenkins. — My woman's lost no time since I've knowed her, I can 
tell you ! 

Mrs. White. — Women have to keep busy to do the like of that! 

Mrs. Jenkins. — (Bringing out a double coverlet.) This was spun and 
wove by hand too. 

Mrs. Jones. — There's nothin' more to say ! 

Mrs. White. — That's what I'm thinking! (A loud knock is heard at 
the door.) 


Mr. Jenkins. — Come in! (Louder.) Come in, I say! (A hunter 
with a bag of game on his back and a zvoodsman zvith axe on his 
shoulder enter, each resting his pack by the door.) How are you? 
I was jest thinking what a fine night this would be for hunting! 
You seem to have had purty good luck ! 

Mr. Blake. — I felled a tree for him that had a whole nest of coons 
in it. 

Mr. Thomas. — Yes, I owe my good luck to-night to Mr. Blake. 

The Children. — (Gathering about him.) Please tell us about the 
wild beasts you've fought with ! Do, please ! 

Mr. Blake. — I'll come sometime on purpose for that, I must go now. 

Mrs. Jenkins. — Benjiman, you and Sarah pass the apples and cider 
around. (They are passed and the hunter and the woodsman re- 

Mr. Jenkins. — (Opening the Bible on the stand, takes out a letter, 
holding it up.) This came from Kentucky. It was three weeks on 
the way, and cost the sender twenty-five cents. 

Mr. White. — That seems a heap to pay, but it's so nice to write to 
your friends. 

Mrs. Jenkins. — Mr. Brewster, we must have some music before 
you go ! 

Mr. Brewster. — Very well! Each one name a tune. (Oft in the 
Stilly Night. Auld Lang Syne, are named and sung.) 

Grandmother. — (Going to the cradle at the crying of the baby, and 
bringing him to the front.) You've not seen this young man to- 
night! We're awful proud of him! (The baby is taken into the 
arms of the guests and then replaced in the cradle by Grandma.) 

Mr. White. — It's time to go. Jenkins, come over soon and sit till bed- 
time with us ! 

]\Ir. Jones. — And with us ! 

Mr. Jenkins. — We'll do that real soon! (Good-nights are spoken and 
hands are shaken. All go to the door. JVhcn guests are gone the 
family gather about the stand and the father reads from the nine- 
teenth psalm. When he is through, after a moment's pause they all 
stand and the father in an attitude of reverence says:) May no 
harm come to any home this night. (They kiss good-night and go 
out together.) 




George Rapp, founder of New Harmony, Indiana, was born in Wiirttem- 
berg, German}', in 1757. Here, at the age of thirty, he began to preach in his 
own home to people gathered from miles around. Not being satisfied with the 
religious spirit of his native land, he sought freedom in America in 1803 and 
established a "Community of Equalitj'," called "Harmonic," near Zelienople, 
Pennsylvania, where all the members bound themselves in obedience to the 
laws regarding property and brotherhood, and to the loyal support of the doc- 
trines of their leader. Experience proved this location to be unsatisfactory and 
Father Rapp purchased thirty thousand acres of land along the Wabash river 
in Indiana, about fifty miles from its junction with the Ohio. Here, in 1814, 
the men came and made ready for the families who came one year later and 
another "Harmonic" community was established. The ten years spent in Har- 
monic, Indiana, mark a marvelous prosperity in the increase of wealth, power 
and happiness. In order to be nearer a great market, they sold the Harmonic 
estate to Robert Owen, of Scotland, in 1825, and went back to Pennsylvania, 
about twelve miles from Pittsburgh and founded the town of Economy, where 
they remained till the community died out, celibacy being one of their tenets. 
Father Rapp was a man of deep religious conviction and great power, and his 
influence in his community made for what was best in building character. 

There is a slight fore-shortening of history in Scene IV of Episode II. 

George Rapp 




Band — Overture to William Tell 


Hear ye ! A new scene presents itself. A German community led 
by Father George Rapp is to be started on the banks of the Wabash. 
Here all will share equal work and equal reward, 


( The day after the landing. Persons: Father Rapp and his men in 
the wilderness after a night's rest under the large oak tree. Men appear 
with axes on shoulders and saws in hand ready for work.) 

Father Raff.— (Lifting his hands.) Hail, my men! How did you 
rest last night under the oak tree? 

Men in a Body.— Well ! Well ! 

Father Rapp. — You are ready for work, I see ! 

Men. — All ready ! 

Father Rapp. — (Szueeping the compass with his arms.) These are 
giant trees to be cut, but we can do it ! 

Men.— Ya! Ya! Ya! 

Father Rapp. — We shall go forth in bands. Jacob Dengler will you 
lead the first band ? 

Jacob Dengler. — That I will ! Step out, men ! (Johannes Trompeter 
steps out.) 

Father Rapp. — I see Johannes Trompeter wants to be a leader ! Join 
him. (Men obey.) 

John Reichert. — I will be the next. 

Father Rapp. — Follow John Reichert. (Men step out.) Do all the 
men have leaders? Are all ready? 

Men. — All ready! 


Father Rapp. — Ours is a joyful work ! Here even in this wilderness, 
with these great trees before us to be cleared away, we are cheered 
by the thought that we are working for the good of one another. 

Men. — It is true ! It is true ! 

Father Rapp. — I shall be with each band to-day at some time. When 
we can all be together, I shall lead you forth, as is our wont, with 
singing and music. 

Men. — Be it so! Be it so! 

Father R.\pp. — Pass now to your tasks, and may the work of your 
hands prosper. 
(Men go forth singing.) 


Translated by J. S. Duss 

1. Beauteous is the great wide world, 
More so, still our living ; 

All the loveliness unfurled, 
God is freely giving. 

2. Still what is all of life's alloy? 
Scan it with probation — 
You will find all earthly joy, 
But of short duration. 

3. Though one be in treasures rich, 
Gold makes no one wiser. 

And in death are all alike ; 
Beggar, Pope and Kaiser. 

4. No one, but by Christly life, 
Heaps eternal treasures ; 

And through noble toil and strife, 
Enters heavenly pleasures. 


AFTER, IN 1815 

The Rappite families just landed from their boat on the Wabash, 
have on their zvraps and carry bundles as travellers carried at that 
time. The company consists of women and children for the most part, 
zi'ith a fezv men. They are led by Frederick Rapp, and come in pro- 
cessional from the river hanks, singing Luther's hymn. They come in 


tzvos mostly and zvhen the company are about half on the platform, 
continuing to sing, Father Rapp, in long gozvn and long zvhite beard, 
and cap, appears ivith upraised hands, standing before them till all 
have reached the stage. Then they all kneel to receive the Father's 

Father Rapp. — May the blessing of God rest upon you all, my chil- 
dren ! May each one of us strive to live the life' of the just and 
walk uprightly before all men and in the sight of God. Amen ! 
{All rise, taking the attitude of reverence.) 

Frederick Rapp. — {Coming forzvard.) Father, I am glad to come to 
thee ! {Shakes hands.) 

Father Rapp. — Welcome, my children ! I wish I might call you each 
by name and shake the hands of each, but time permits not, with 
the matters that we have on hand ! It is fitting that we rejoice over 
being gathered together once more, after our separation for one 
year. It is also fitting that we feel a just pride as we look about us, 
{gesturing) in the work of our men in making ready for you these 
comfortable homes that you see. We know with what willing 
hearts you will take up the tasks that await you here in this new 
settlement in a new land. We have been one in aim and in spirit 
since we crossed the deep to fair America, where we have been free 
to work out the will of God as we have understood it. As our 
hopes outweighed our regrets in leaving Wurtemberg, so do they 
in coming from Pennsylvania to this spot. It will be only a short 
time before we shall here look upon flourishing vineyards, waving 
fields of grain, green meadows and hear the lowing of herds and 
the hum of the mill and the spinning wheel. Life here will go on 
as it did in Pennsylvania, and our new home will soon be our old 
home too. We know the doctrine that we profess, of mercy, jus- 
tice, self-sacrifice and industry. And knowing the doctrine we must 
live the life ! I shall now lead you forth to the dwellings that are 
waiting for you. {The body of travellers, led by Father Rapp, re- 
tire singing as they came, in recessional, off the opposite end of 
the stage from ivhich they entered.) 

Stage empty. 




"Again a night is passed and the morning is come, our time runs 
away and the joys of heaven are our reward.^ {Three times.) 

Music by the Band — German Airs 


Hear, all men ! You are now asked to spend a day in the Rappite 
Community, and see the signs of prosperity that reigns here. 


People of the community dressed in the Rappite costume are seen 
going hither and thither. Some with baskets in hand, others carrying 
bundles. The boy cries out in the street "Sollt Fleisch holen," "Sollt 
Fleisch holen!" Over the doorway of the store is the sign, "THE 
STORE," and people are coming out and in. The squatters are there in 
numbers, and dressed in fur coats. The visitors are {Woods, Birbcck, 
Hidme, Welby and others.) At the same time, the harvesters in proces- 
sion, led by Father Rapp and the band, pass by on their way to the 
fields. There are men, zvomen, boys and girls with baskets, and carry- 
ing sickles and rakes in their hands. 


The stage is set zvith ovens and tables and utensils for the zvomen, 
zvho are preparing the evening meal. They have dishes and seem very 
busy. The little children run in and out. Tivo boys come to blows just 
as Father Rapp comes out upon them. Father says, "What is this, my 
children? No disputes must arise in this community. The sun must 
not set on any man's ivrath. Rise, my children! Shake hands and be 
friends." The children obey. They also ask Father's pardon for their 



Translated by Jacob Henrici 

(Nephew of Jacob Henrici, Trustee of Harmony Society.) 

I. Children of friendship and love, lift your voices, 
Sing the sweet bond that uplifts and rejoices; 


Joyfully sounding divine friendship's praises, 
Join the great hymn the angelic host raises, 
In greatful homage to heavenly love 
Swing your glad hearts to the ether above. 

2. Lo ! from the throne there the bright fountain gushes ; 
Through the wide heavens the crystal flood rushes — 
Pure, holy, friendship, from sun to sun streaming ; 
Filling all space with its blessed mild beaming ! 

Love rules the universe ; through it alone, 
Can real blessedness ever be known ! 

3. In bonds of friendship the spheres are united ; 
Seraphs and angels in friendship are plighted. 
Patient and loving it meets ev'ry trial ; 
Freely forgives, with divine self-denial. 

Were its pure ray into hell to descend. 
Hell at that moment would come to an end. 

4. Friendship is shield against arrows of malice ; 
Holds to the suflf'rer the life-giving chalice. 
Gives to the starving friend food to restore him. 
Warns and protects him when danger hangs o'er him ; 

Brings to the dying couch heavenly rest, 
Folds the poor erring one close to the breast. 

5. Angel of friendship, abide with us ever; 
Comfort and guide us ; abandon us never ; 
Fill ev'ry spirit with good will to others ; 
Grant us in friendship and love to be brothers. 

Hate and suspicion, depart from our ways ! 
Angel of friendship, we bring thee our praise ! 

As they near the house Father Rapp comes out, and zvaving his 
hand to them, says: "I greet you, my children! A hard day's work; 
a well-earned meal. Our life here grows more prosperous every day. 
Let us be more thankful in proportion. Disperse ye now to your tables 
made ready for you, and eat with the heartiness that comes of a good 
conscience. We meet again just after the early evening service. 


Father and Frederick Rapp come first, folloived by the people in 

Frederick. — Well, Father, things have turned out beyond our ex- 
pectation ! 


Father Rapp. — Yes, God has prospered us in this land beyond belief 
in five years ! We have done well. 

Frederick Rapp. — Our people have lived in true "Harmonie," and 
we have made good our name. (Procession of men and zvomen 
coming from the evening service singing, gather around. Standing.) 

Father Rapp. — Greetings, my children ! We have gathered here on 
our way from the service to rejoice in our prosperity without 
vanity. Let us sing. (Sing a Rappite hymn.) 

Frederick Rapp. — My father and I have just been talking over what 
has been done since our coming here five years ago ; it seems un- 
believable ! 

John L. Baker. — It does seem unbelievable! (Others nod and make 
motion of assent.) 

Father Rapp. — We thought we would bring out the book of our com- 
munity to-night ! 

Jonathan Lenz. — (and members of the community.) Bring it out, 
father ! Bring it out ! 

Father Rapp. — Frederick, bring out the book ! 

Frederick Rapp. — (Brings out the book and stands holding it.) Shall 
• I open the book. Father? 

People Present. — Father, let us hear Frederick read from the book ! 
Yes, let us hear. 

Frederick Rapp. — This book, you know, contains the names of all the 
members of this community and what they had when they joined. 
Shall I read ? 

John Schreiber. — I do not wish to hear. Father, what the members 
put in the society when they joined. It is enough to know that we 
all belong to one body and are all equals in aim and work and 
worldly goods. 

Father Rapp. — You hear the wise words of John Schreiber. Have 
you anything to add ? 

Dr. Mueller.— Father, I think John Schreiber is right. What good 
will it do to know what each man put in? We know that each one 
has done his best since he came and that is enough. We are all 
equal now just the same as we will be when we are laid to rest like 
those out there in the graveyard. 

Frederick Rapp. — Father, of what use is the book if they do not wish 
to know what is in it? if it would show that they were not equal 
in this world's goods at the start? They are now equal in every 


Adam Nachtrieb. — Father, your son has spoken well. The book is 
of no more use. Let us bury it so the matter can never be brought 
up again ! 

RoMELius Baker. — Let us burn the book ! (Others nod assent.) Burn 
it! Burn it! 

Frederick Rapp. — Father, what shall be done? 

Father Rapp. — Let it be as the members have said, I see that we have 
grown in the true community spirit ! 

Frederick Rapp. — How shall it be done ? 

Louis Schreiber. — Here before our eyes ! 

Father Rapp. — Place the book on the table, my son. (Turning to 
audience.) We are all agreed that we are one. Your decision to 
burn the book will be to you a bond of closer union and faith in the 
brotherhood of man and the justice of God. The book is here but 
where are the faggots ? 

Frederick Rapp. — I will bring them, father. (Brings them.) 

Father Rapp. — (People all gather round closer, each one having an 
intent look upon his face.) In burning this book,' we are burning 
all thoughts of selfishness; and in lighting this torch (lights the 
the torch and holds it) we are lighting the fire of a finer faith in 
our hearts. (Sets fire to the hook.) Let us all sing while the book 
burns! (They sing a Rappite hymn.) As the book ceases to burn. 
Father raises his hands motioning in silence, a good night and all 
quietly make the stage empty. 

Night Watchman's Cry. — "Again a day is past and a step made 
nearer to our end, our time runs away and the joys of heaven are 
our reward." 
Stage empty. 


Band Plays Scotch and German Airs for Six Minutes 

Attend ye ! Important transactions are now to take place. Har- 
monic is about to pass from the hands of the Rappites into the owner- 
ship of Robert Owen of Scotland. 



Present, George Rapp, Frederick Rapp and the Harmonie 


Frederick Rapp. — {Opening the meeting.) As we bound ourselves 
more firmly together at the end of the first five years here, by the 
burning of the book, to show that all were equal, regardless of what 
we first put in the society, so now we are met to make the ties still 
stronger as we hear the plans of our leader. {Jonathan Lena 
stands.) Jonathan Lenz wishes to speak. 

Jonathan Lenz. — ^Let us hear the purpose of our leader. 

John Reichert. — What the Father says will be right ! 

Father Rapp. — You are all true children of the Rappite doctrine, and 
as such you will, I see, wish to do what is for the good of all. My 
son Frederick will now tell you of what Richard Flower has done 
for us. {Turns to Frederick.) 

Frederick Rapp. — When Richard Flower went from Albion, Illinois, 
to England, my father, as many of you know, asked him to adver- 
tise there the Harmonie estates for sale. He has done this, and 
here is his letter. 

John L. Baker. — {Recognised by the chair.) And please you, father, 
may we hear the letter read ? 

Father Rapp. — The reading of the letter will now be heard. {Turn- 
ing to Frederick.) Read the letter. 

Frederick Rapp. — {Holding the letter in his hand.) Richard Flower's 
letter, as you see, is very long and can not be read entire, but I 
shall leave it on the table for you to see. The part that refers to 
the business in hand says : "I have found a purchaser for the Har- 
monie estates if they prove what I've represented them to be. The 
buyer is a wonderful Scotchman, Robert Owen, by name, and will 
come to America to see the lands. He is willing to pay the price I 
asked, of one hundred fifty thousand dollars. He is like you, a 
believer in community life and he wants the estates for a place to 
carry out his system of co-operation in America." 

John Reichert. — That is good news from over the sea! This land is a 
good place to start communities in and the more we have of them 
the better it is. 

John L. Baker. — I wish to stand for anything that is for the good of 
all, and if it is to be for the sale of the Harmonie estates here, I 
shall stand for that too. {Others nod assent.) 


Father Rapp. — I feel that it is wise, my children, that we go to a 
place nearer to the market. Then, too, we are ready to conquer a 
new wilderness. We have learned so much here in the way of land 
production and machinery, and general industry, that we have out- 
grown the place. (Signs of grief in the audience here and there.) 
We who say daily, "The joys of heaven are our reward," can not 
fix our hearts on one place. (Long pause. Father sits.) 

John Reichert. — Father, when do you look for this Robert Owen? 

Father Rapp. — At any time. He likely started as soon as the letter, 
and we may look for him any day. (George Wagner stands.) 
George Wagner, one of our wise men, has something to say. 

George Wagner. — Father, how soon is it in thy will to go ? 

Father Rapp. — We give immediate possession. (Meaning looks ex- 
changed in the audience.) 

Frederick Rapp. — It might be well to add that we also surrender in 
the purchase our stock and goods and grain in part. 

Adam Nachtrieb. — (Recognized.) Robert Owen will get a fine vine- 
yard. (Others.) Yes, and fine sheep and cows and hogs, too. 
(All nod assent.) 

Father Rapp. — That is well, I would not wish that we sell anything 
of a poor quality. 

Jacob Henrici. — The will of the father must be done and we are glad 
that he knows what is for the best. 

Father Rapp. — Your words are wise, my children, I shall appoint my 

son Frederick to make ready the lists of acres, and what grows 

thereon ; of the stock as to what kind and the numbers thereof ; 

of the mills and the goods and the buildings, by the time Robert 

Owen comes. 
Frederick Rapp. — It shall be as my father says. The lists will be 

Father Rapp. — As I have so often done before, I again bless you, my 

children. Let us sing. Will Jacob Henrici lead? (Rap pit e hymn 

is sung.) 


Persons— ^Ir. and Mrs. George Rapp, Frederick Rapp, Mrs. Johanna 
Rapp, Gertrude and Rosina Rapp. Guests : Robert Owen, William 
Owen, Captain McDonald, Mr. and ^Irs. George Flower, Richard 
Flower, Frances Wright and sister Camilla, Jacob Henrici, John 
Schnee from Springfield, Ebenezer Phillips and John L. Baker. 


Gertrude Rapp. — {Before guests arrive, improvising at the piano.) 
Rosina, let us sing. (They sing an old Rappite song.) 

Beauteous Is the Wide World. (See p. 22.) 

Frederick Rapp. — (Taking the violin from the piano.) I'm glad this 
IS here ! 

Gertrude Rapp. — Do you suppose they are musicians? 

Frederick Rapp. — Most English gentlemen are ! 

Jacob Henrici. — (Just entering.) I see you are having some music 
to-night ! 

Gertrude Rapp. — Yes ! I hope you know a good many Scotch songs. 

Jacob Henrici. — Yes ! I shall be pleased to sing them ! 

Father Rapp. — (To Frances Wright, just entering.) Welcome to 
this home, Frances Wright ! Workers in human welfare always 
have a place in my home! (Shaking the hand of Camilla also.) 
Welcome to Camilla, too. 

Frances Wright. — The interest in helping the less fortunate is all- 
absorbing and makes lighter things fade away. 

Father Rapp. — (Shaking hands ivith Mr. and Mrs. George Flozver.) 
Here are my friends from Albion ; they are also community be- 

Frederick Rapp. — (Going to the door.) Mr. Owen, I am glad to see 
you and your son, come. (Shaking hands cordially zvith both.) 

Father Rapp. — (Reaching out his hand to Robert Oiven and taking 
Mr. Oiven's hand.) My brother in a common cause, I greet you 
heartily ! 

Robert Owen. — Yes, we are brothers in a common cause. My system 
is very dear to me and the opportunity of working it in America 
opens up many possibilities. (Women gather themselves in a group 
for conversation.) 

France.s Wright. — (Coming forzvard to meet Robert Ozven.) Good 
evening, Mr. Owen. Well, our "Worlds are not remodelled yet, 
and the human race is not redeemed from the existing state of 
society," but we still have courage. 

Robert Owen. — (Returning greetings.) I have no doubt that my 
system will ultimately succeed and that crime will be rooted out, 
punishment will be abolished, and dissension and warfare disappear. 

Frederick Rapp. — (To Robert Ozven.) Has the day been pleasant? 

Robert Owen. — I have been looking around and find all things as 
Richard Flower represented them. 


Father Rapp. — I had my son Frederick list the land and the belong- 
ings of the estate, ready to make the transfer when you came. 
(Turning to Frederick.) Bring the paper. 

Frederick Rapp. — (Drazving the papers from his pocket, hands them 
to his father.) Here they are, father. 

Father Rapp. — (Handing the papers to Robert Owen.) You will 
find everything as herein listed. 

Robert Owen. — (Handing the papers back to Frederick.) Read, will 

Frederick Rapp. — (Reads.) Town of Harmonie and Community. 

20,000 A. of first-rate land ; 2,000 A. highly cultivated land and 
15 A. vineyards ; 35 A. apple orchards ; 500 bearing apple trees ; i peach 
orchard ; i pleasure garden ; i three-story water mill ; i factory of cot- 
ton and woolen goods ; 3 sawmills ; 3 large granaries ; . . . i tavern ; 
I store; i tanyard. Stock: 140 milk cows, 125 steers, 28 heifers, 700 
sheep, 250 hogs, 16 horses, 8 wagons and carts, 8 plows. Whisky, 
wool and furniture. 

Frederick Rapp. — Does the list come up to your expectation, Mr. 

Robert Owen. — It does. I am ready to sign the papers. Can I not 
speak for you, too, William? (Nodding to son.) 

William Owen. — It meets with my entire approval. The sum, I be- 
lieve, is one hundred fifty thousand dollars ! 

Frederick Rapp. — That is right. (Drawing the papers toward him.) 
I shall sign my name. (Looking at his quill pen, signs.) 

Robert Owen. — Let my name be placed next to yours. (Signs.) 
George Flower here can sign as a witness. (He signs.) 

Father Rapp. — John Schnee, our business agent, will sign it, as well 
as Ebenezer Phillips and John L. Baker. (Father calls each one by 
name as he takes the chair to sign the paper.) 

John L. Baker. — The deed is done. Harmonie is no longer ours. (As 
he finishes his signature.) 

Frederick Rapp. — (To Robert Ozven.) I shall give you possession as 
soon as you wish it. 

Robert Owen. — I hope to get my system of cooperation in working 
order on this side of the water as soon as possible. 

Father Rapp. — Living in co-operation and brotherhood are the only 
ways for a happy life. These squatters all about were here when 
we came and they have never done anything for themselves and are 


still in a pitiable condition. My people have, by steady industry, 
accomplished what you read in the list. This shows what perfect 
equality will do for the good of man. 

Robert Owen. — I trust my community may be as thrifty as yours. 
But I am not so sure. I have a different problem to deal with, and 
different people in my undertaking. They may not understand my 
system at first. 

Father Rapp. — There is no reason why any community should not 
succeed by co-operation and equal sharing. (Mr. Ozven and Father 
Rapp remain seated at the table. The paper is still on it.) 

William Owen. — (Going to the piano.) Mr. Henrici, let us have 
some music. 

Jacob Henrici. — Certainly. (Gives out "Coming Through the Rye.") 
(Gertrude plays the accompaniments.) 

Robert Owen. — You compliment us to-night ! May we not hear some 
German and American airs? (The band then starts to play "The 
Vaterland." All listen.) 

Father Rapp. — America is the Fatherland ! This is the land of oppor- 

Robert Owen. — I hope I shall find it so. 

Father Rapp. — Gertrude, bring some of the fresh grape juice so Rob- 
ert Owen can see the flavor of the fine grapes in the vineyard that 
he has just bought. This juice is made from cuttings that come from 
Germany. (Cake and grape juice are handed to all the company 
by Gertrude, Rosina Rapp and Camilla IV right.) 

Robert Owen. — (Tasting the juice.) This is indeed fine and I am 
glad to know what to expect. (When through sipping juice and 
glasses are taken.) You have not yet let us hear an American 

Father Rapp. — Jacob Henrici, will you lead in the Star-Spangled 
Banner? (Henrici comes to the front and all join in the singing.) 

Robert Owen. — (Rising.) We must go. It has been a happiness to 
meet a man who believes in a higher social state and is carrying out 
a system for human betterment. I shall meet you again. (Shaking 

Father Rapp. — Yes, we shall meet again. (Holding the hand of 
Ozven.) I wish you to hear a Rappite community song before you 
go. (All are standing and join in the Rappite song, "Children of 
Friendship and Love" (see page 24), after ivhich the guests de- 



Band Plays German Airs and "Home, Sweet Home" 


Look ye ! The Rappites are about to depart from Harmonic to 
their new home in Pennsylvania. 

Cornetist sounds the reveille and cries, "The William Penn is at 
the landing! Be ready! Let nothing he left! Have all boxes in the 
wagon ready to he taken to the hoat." 

Note. The people are all dressed as they zvere ten years hefore, 
zvhen they came, ready for traveling. There is confusion. The old 
Rapp zvagon is hacked up to the end of the stage and hcing packed 
with hoxes and drazvn to the hoat by men. People go in and out, for- 
getting things and going hack for them. Others pick up things to re- 
member the place by.) 

Stage Empty. 

The Crier. — To the church! To the church! (People hasten to the 
church (zvhich is the platform) and Father Rapp appears as on 

Father Rapp. — My children, it seems fitting to come to the house of 
God as the last place before our departure on the William Penn, 
for our new home in Pennsylvania. Here we have worshiped in 
spirit and in truth. The very walls of this house are sacred in 
memory of our prayers and songs. These are the seats (pointing 
to them) in which have sat those who have gone to their reward, 
and where we shall soon go. (Some of the people break down.) 
I see some of you moved almost to tears ! Let this not be so, but 
rather let it be a matter of rejoicing that we are to conquer a new 
wilderness and make it fruitful, as we have done this. We are not 
parting from one another, but all go as a family to strengthen one 
another, and that being so, our new home will in a little time be as 
dear as this has been to us. Saying farewell to a place is not say- 
ing farewell to a friend. Let both our feelings and our words be 
full of cheer and hope. Let our leavetaking of the place be as befits 
our strength. The boat, the William Penn, lies waiting for us. 
One moment to say goodbye, and I shall lead you forth singing the 
same song that you sang when you came here ten years ago. (Fare- 
wells are taken and men kiss men and ivomen kiss zvomcn and they 
follow Father Rapp in recessional singing till the last ones can be 
heard no more.) 

Stage Empty. 




Robert Owex. — Robert Owen, one of the most advanced men of his genera- 
tion, was born at Newtown, Wales, May 14, 1771. He was self-educated, 
and being by nature a close observer, and having the power to use his ob- 
servations ; by the time he had, through serving various apprenticeships, come 
to the position of controlling the mills of New Lanark, Scotland, in January, 
1800, he was filled with the possibilities of what might, in such a position, be 
done to make life less dreary for those whose chances for wage-earning were 
growing less every day by the rapid introduction of machinery. He began his 
illustrious philanthropical work here among the operatives consisting of from 
thirteen to fourteen hundred families, with from four to five hundred pauper 
children. By the application of his wise schemes for giving training in living, 
and instruction, and by especial care for the little children whom he was the 
first to gather into an infant school. New Lanark soon came to be widely known 
and attracted educators and philanthropists from all parts of the world to see 
what could be done and what was being done for the betterment of workmen 
through co-operative life. With this large experience in social reform, Robert 
Owen accepted the offer of the Harmonic estates in America, made by Richard 
Flower at the request of George Rapp, and came to this country hoping to find 
"New Harmony" as he christened it, a place where he could work out his social 
theories in an untrammeled way. The Owen Community at New Harmony, 
was short lived as a co-operative body; but like the winged seeds, their ideas 
have found lodgment and grown into the great social and reform movements 
without in many instances knowing that they were wafted from the mind of this 
great man. It is asserted that such a company as gathered in the Owen com- 
munity at New Harmony has seldom, if ever, been seen on this continent. (See 
Guide Book to New Harmony.) Robert Owen had the good fortune of moral 
support by his sons. Robert Dale Owen deserves a pageant by himself, as 
being one of the most able men of Indiana, as lawmaker, educator, writer and 
a champion of justice; a worthy son of such a father as Robert Owen. 

Fr.'^nces Wright. Frances Wright was one of the moving spirits in the New 
Harmony community. She and her sister, Camilla, were reared by Jeremy 
Bentham, who educated them according to his own theories, and as a result 
I'rances was well informed on general topics, versed in the literature of the day, 
and spoke French and Italian fluently. She had traveled for years in Europe 
and knew many distinguished persons, counting General Lafayette as her friend. 
At the beginning of the nineteenth century she was a strong advocate of "Wom- 
an's Suffrage," lecturing upon it in a most convincing way in New Harmony and 
throughout the country. She advocated the abolition of African slavery, trying 
an actual experiment in the realization of her views in Tennessee. She also 
spoke on co-education, and equality and justice before the law. 

Robert Owen 




The Band Plays Scotch Airs 


Ho ye ! In place of Rappites gone, here now 
The Owenites a new community 
Do form, and Constitution do adopt. 
Hear ! Robert Owen speaks upon his plans ! 


MAY, 1825 

Latter part of the evening of the adoption of the constitution for 
the Preliminary Society. 

a. Song. "Land of the JVest." 

"Land of the West, we come to thee. 
Far o'er the desert of the sea ; 
Under thy white-winged canopy 
Land of the West we fly to thee ; 
Sick of the Old \\'orld's sophistry : 
Hasten then across the dark, blue sea, 
Land of the West we rush to thee ! 
Home of the brave : soil of the free, — 
Huzza ! She rises o'er the sea." 

SiDig by the Oivcn party on shipboard, en route to N^ezu Harmony 

b. Robert Owen at the meeting just after the Adoption of the first 


My Friends: 

Your "Yea"' this night hath placed us under law 
Which points to fairer days and happier life 
And by your judgment will we gladly bide. 
jMy hopes are high and I am moved to look 
Upon this goodly place in which to work 
Out social dreams that haunt me night and day ; 


Not dreams but schemes that must come true at last. 
In them I see the Httle children saved 
From blighted life that they must surely live 
But for our guiding hand to lead them on ; 
And men no longer wretched, starved and sad, 
But filled with hope and pride to meet life's needs ; 
And women looking forth each day with trust, 
And all men brothers in a common hope, 
And sharers in a daily toil made sweet 
By knowledge, science, art, and fellowship 
Without which, this our life were poor indeed. 
All these and more I see must come to pass ! 
Here with right-minded helpers, striving each 
The same high end to win in different way, 
What can we not achieve in this fair spot. 
Both for ourselves and other souls to come 
In far off time, it may be centuries hence. 
Who will new purpose take from our resolve. 
And, striving, make their social schemes work out, 
And live with men as brothers, sharing all 
Of goods, and pain and joy and worthy toil. 
This is, my friends, the goal my life would reach ! 

(A moment's pause.) 

William Pelham. — (Stands till recognized by the chair before 

This meeting reaches now a happy close. 
Our constitution makes provision full 
For guidance, check, and unforeseen events. 
Thanks to our leader's counsel wise and true. 
On which we more and more shall look for help 
In days to come when questions grow perplexed. 

Thomas Palmer. — (After being recognized by the chair.) 
In looking round upon such numbers here 
I puzzled am, to know the reason why ? 
What brought them hence who heralded the start 
Of our community untried and new ? 

Robert Owen. — 

That is because my intent was made known 
And men who sought to find a better life. 
Hoped here they might begin to live anew. 

William Twigg. — (Upon being recognized.) 

Well pleased I am ; our name henceforth shall be 
"New Harmony," not simple, "Harmonic." 


William Owen. — 

"New Harmony" seems better to express 

Our purpose here in keeping all that's good 

And adding unto that, free thought, free speech, 

And opportunity for happiness 

Which makes for growth and good and larger life. 

All this is but a newer Harmony, 

Well pleased am I you like the change in name. 

William Sampson. — (Recognkcd by the chair.) 

So great and grand seems this our starting out 

That I am pressed our leader here to ask 

How long these dreams of better social life 

Have haunted him and when they first commenced 

To shape themselves as possible for man 

To meet life's higher issues and be more a man? 

Robert Owen. — 

That story would be long to tell, O, Friend ! 
Including my whole life since first I saw 
Man's labor set aside by the machine ; 
No way there seemed to win back happiness 
But effort joined co-operate to one end. 
It was in Scotland that this came to me. 
But this home of the free, and untried ways 
Did lure me on, and here we start to-night. 

Robert Jennings. — 

I have firm faith in our experiment. 

But those there are who pointed questions ask, 

"What get you out of this in worldly goods ?" 

Robert Owen. — 

Who asked such question knows not of our aim ! 
To ofifset suffering and the ills of life, 
'Tis not what out of this we here do get ; 
What we put in, is now our deep concern. 
This done, the rest is left to time and tide. 

People. — Good ! Good ! Good ! 

Robert Jennings. — 

I thank our leader wise for his remarks 
"What can I put in ?" is the question now. 

Robert Owen. — 

The hour is late. Much has been done to-night. 
But I see here the music lovers' sign 


Of instruments suggestive of delight, 
And doubtless many voices too are here 
Awaiting chance to pour forth in full tone. 
Let music be our closing word this time. 

Band plays Scotch airs. Many go fonvard to greet the leader.) 


Music by the Band 


Now look and see our noted guests arrive, 
"Boat Load of Knowledge" they henceforth are called, 
And greetings from the children welcome them with maypole 

Let the fixing of the maypole in the centre of the stage he a part of 
the acting and the conversation he heard as is the other speeches. 

Persons arranging the Pole: Rohert Jennings, William Sampson, 
John Cooper. {Come in together, each hearing some part of the work.) 

Robert Jennings. — {Carrying the pole.) Bright day for the guests, 
if they come to-day ! 

John Cooper. — Who are to come on the Philanthropist? I hope they'll 
come to-day, I want to see them. 

Robert Jennings. — {Looking up from his zvork.) Well, they look 
for our leader, Robert Owen, back, and a letter a week ago said his 
eldest son, Robert Dale Owen, is coming too. 

William Sampson. — Some one told me there was no naming of the 
scientists, and artists, and musicians, and inventors, and teachers 
coming on the boat, and that the boat was already called the "Boat 
Load of Knowledge." 

John Cooper. — I like the name "Boat Load of Knowledge." 

Robert Jennings. — Yes, "Boat Load of Knowledge" is very suitable 
for such a cargo of learning as it carries. 

John Cooper. — The maypole will soon be up. Are the children ready? 

William Sampson. — You may be sure that the children will be on 
hand when anything is to be done ! They'll enjoy it greatly! 


Robert Jennings. — (As the maypole is finished.) Listen! (All 
stop.) Just finished in time! Hear that shout! (Heard in the 
distance.) "The boat has come!" "The Boat Load of Knowl- 
edge !" "The Boat Load of Knowledge !" 

John Cooper. — Let's go see. (All pick up tools and go out the middle 

Music is heard and the children are seen with baskets of flowers 
or leaves in their hands, strezcing them as they come, for the visitors to 
walk on. Children diz'ide and form in two lines hetzveen zvhich the vis- 
itors pass. The visitors are as follozcs: 


Robert Owen, founder of the community. 

Robert Dale Owen, eldest son, statesman and author. 

William Maclure, geologist, philanthropist, educator. 

Thomas Say, scientific author, father of American zoology. 

Charles Alexander Lesueur, naturalist, artist. 

Dr. Gerard Troost, Holland geologist, mineralogist. 

William Phiquepal d'Arusmont, teacher of mathematics and music. 

Frances Wright, lecturer and editor, with sister, 

Mme. Marie D. Fretageot, teacher, IMaclure's agent. 

A. E. Fretageot, her son, pupil of Phiquepal. 

Samuel Chase, chemist. 

Mrs. Chase, artist and musician. 

Oliver Evans, Jr., son of the inventor. Plow factory. 

John Beal, wife and daughter. Mr. Beal a teacher. 

Peter Duclos, nephew of Mme. Fretageot, scenic art. 

Victor Duclos, nephew of ]\Ime. Fretageot, pupil of Phiquepal. 

Virginia Du Palais, married William Augustus Twigg. 

Victor Du Palais, brother of V^irginia. 

Cornelius Tiebout, engraver and printer, with daughter. 

John Speaman and family, one of the founders of the Academy of 

Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 
Captain McDonald, Lord of the Isles, friend of Owen. 
Miss Lucy Sistaire (and two sisters), artist, married Thomas Say. 
Allen Ward, pupil, afterwards teacher. 
Mark Penrose, pupil in the school of industry. 


Balthazar, a Swiss artist. 
Amadie Dufor, pupil of Phiquepal. 
Charles Falque, pupil of Phiquepal. 

Name of the boat, "Philanthropist." 
Arrived January 26, 1826. 

William Pelham. — {Stepping to the front.) 

I now do welcome Robert Owen back 

The time has heavy hung with him away. 

I welcome also Robert Dale, his son, 

And in the name of this community 

I greet all guests that made what we now call. 

Boat Load of Knowledge, from its cargo rare. 

Will not our leader give us now a word? 

Robert Owen. — 

Right glad am I to be with you again. 

My thoughts have in my absence turned to you 

And to the work that now before us lies. 

{Points to son) 
My son has come to aid us in all things 
And these wise persons here though strangers now 
Will through their science, music, art and power. 
To teach and lead and make of this a place 
Where all may find help in what most he likes. 
Thomas Palmer. — 

Now for the children, let me greet you all. 
They have for you a Maypole dance prepared 
In honor of our leader and his son. 
And others new to our community. 

Children dance around the maypole — guests look on with pleased 
faces. When children are through they chasse out the center door. 
The guests shake hands and also go out through the center door. 


Ho ye ! Ho ye ! School time is now at hand ! 
The Owen school now calls its children in ! 
Here education is the need supreme ; 
From infancy to youth, no pains are spared 
To train and shape the young for useful life. 
Where hand and eye and brain together work. 

William jNIaclure 


Teachers. — Joseph Neef, head master and linguist; Mrs. Neef and 
Madam Fretageot, teachers of the infant school ; Phiquepal d'Arus- 
mont, mathematics and music; Thomas Say, science (zoology); 
Alexander Lesueur, natural science and drawing; Cornelius Tie- 
bout, engraver and printer ; John Beal, cabinet maker. 

Pupils. — Members of the community's children. 

(Members of the industrial class follow their teacher and take down 
their tools for work at the carpenter's bench.) 

Head Master Neef. — 

All ready for work! {pupils are standing by their posts.) 

To-day there will no new thing be commenced, 

Our time we'll give to finishing our work. 

To-morrow the keen-eyed inspector comes 

To look upon the progress here we've made. 

Now hold up each the piece that's nearest done. 

Each pupil holds up the piece as commanded; no tzvo alike. 

{Next enters the class in natural history. Pupils bear in hands 
baskets of plants; some bringing shells from the cabinet; others stones 
from the community. All placing zvhat they bring on a table in the 
middle of the stage for the purpose. Thomas Say and Lesueur are 
there. ) 

Thomas Say. — 

Well done ! Fine specimens you bring to-day ! 
One trip with such a find lasts many days, 
Put by your trophies with the greatest care 

The Owen School. — To William Maclure, scientist and philanthropist, was 
entrusted the educational department of the Owen Community. He was one of 
the earhest champions of industrial schools. He founded a library at New 
Harmony that has lived and flourished through seventy-six years, and is now 
one of the best in the state. In accordance with his will, 160 libraries were 
established in Indiana and Illinois. In 1826 the industrial department of the 
Owen school in New Harmony were printing books that would be a credit to 
any vocational school now in the country. They also did splendid bench work 
and learned blacksmithing and other industries which this generation is now 
coming to. The sciences of botany, geology and nature study received great 
attention. The school was taught by teachers trained in Europe, men and 
women of experience and culture brought here by William Maclure. In the 
museum at New Harmony are to be seen the rollers of the printing press used 
in the Owen school and mathematical and arithmetical instruments that show 
the advanced ideas of the educators in the New Harmony experiment. Robert 
Owen's idea of the infant school tried in Scotland was begun here. This was 
twenty-one years before Froebel began the Kindergarten movement, and forms 
great contrast with other attempts at education in bodies of social effort. 


That they be kept for other lesson's use ; 
To-day the drawing master claims your time 
And by close observation of the whole 
Thus drawing well our specimen entire 
The separate parts are easily understood. 

The pupils make the putting aicay of their specimens a feature of 
the action. 

{While all the other classes are busily absorbed in their ivork the 
Infant class enters, accompanied by Mrs. Neef and Madam Fretageot. 
One of the teachers at the piano as they march in and go to the 
infant table at the side of the stage opposite the industrial zvork. The 
number frames of the Ozven time are to be used for a little count- 
ing exercise and there zvill be a dance and some little game.) Teachers 
are very informal; the children calling Madam Fretageot "Mother." 

Visitors to the school, Robert Owen, William Maclure, Frances 
Wright, Robert Dale Owen, Josiah Warren. 

William AIaclure. — {To Head Master Neef.) Have the children 
seen Robert Owen here since his return? {Upon being anszvered 

Now listen all to what our leader says. 

He comes with pleasure here our work to see. 

Robert Owen. — 

I have not time to look at all the work 

Here carried on to-day ; but pleased I am 

To see so many gathered at their tasks 

In working out our system in each line 

That trains the hand and eye and brain at once. 

Frances Wright. — 

I do rejoice to see both boys and girls 
Together work in learning useful things 
And when to adult life they come no bar 
Shall separate their tasks ; but they shall still 
As equals be to shape and make the laws. 

William Maclure. — {Going to the printing case.) 
No implement of life exceeds the press, 
It is the school and teacher of mankind. 

{Pointing to a pupil.) 
Bring the Disseminator here and show 
What work this school can do in printing books. 

{Addressing visitors.) 


Look now at this and see the workmanship 
Our schoolboys here are doing day by day, 
In making books to last a hundred years. 

Robert Owen. — 

This justifies the system that we teach 

In useful arts for all the needs of life, 

To print and publish in this school such books. 

Frances Wright. — Do you not send the books out from this place? 

William Maclure. — 

We send our wagon out with good books filled 
And knowledge we diffuse by carrying it. 

Robert Dale Owen. — 

One day, I prophesy, your work will grow 
Into a travelling library through the land. 

Frances Wright. — 

That is indeed what I should call it now. 
What papers have you in New Harmony? 

William AIaclure. — 

New Harmony Gazette is our town's boast 

We use it as a reader in the school. 

Come forward, John, and read from the Gazette. 

John. — (Coming forzvard.) What matter is it that you wish to hear? 
William jMaclure. — Read heading first and then what you select. 

John. — "If we cannot reconcile all opinions, let us endeavor to unite 
all hearts." 

Fifty-first year 


Political Independence. 

First year of 
Mental Independence. 

News Item. William Maclure will give a prize of $200 for the best 
essay upon the subject, "The Value of Education." 

Frances Wright. — Good. (Turning to William Maclurc.) Read 
more, John. 

John. — "New View of Society," by Robert Owen, just published and 
for sale at the New Harmony store. 

At the celebration of the National Jubilee, at Marietta, Ohio, among 
the set toasts was the following : 


"Woman. — May the experiment about being tried in New Har- 
mony, of the same intellectual cultivation of the sexes, prove that 
woman's mental capacity is equal to that of men." 

Frances Wright. — I am pleased to hear that our experiment is of 
interest to our neighbors. 

Madam Fretageot. — (Coming forn'ord, greeting them.) Gentlemen, 
may I ask you to see the infant school before they go out? {All go 
over to the other side and see the school count, then dance, when 
they march out of the room through the middle door of the stage.) 
{Pointing to the pictures on the zi'all.) My children learn a great 
deal by pictures. (Turning to a cabinet.) Mr. Lesueur is prepar- 
ing a cabinet of mineralogy for my pupils. They love him dearly. 

Robert Owex. — 

At nothing do I feel a greater joy 

Than in delight that children's fancy holds. 

You wisely let them march from view, 

They ought not be confined to tasks so young. 

William Maclure. — 

You see not all to-day we here do teach. 
Each master his appointed time does take 
For higher mathematics, art or music. 
And thus all blend in one harmonious whole. 
No faculty shall dormant lie with us. 

JosiAH Warren. — (Coming in.) We have our band to-day. Would 
you like to hear the music of our men? 

William ^Maclure. — 

Josiah Warren, leader of our band, 
Will entertainment give us now outside. 
Shall we not follow him and hear him play? 

A^eef has boys put away their tools and all the school go out. Fol- 
lowing them are the guests, and the music is heard outside. 


Note. This is a dress parade in the costumes of the Ozi'cnite time 
and the main feature is the impersonation of the noted visitors and 
members of the community. There is no fixed conversation but panto- 
mime of it. The participants mingle through the company witJi the 
slowness and ease of gentle manners, and bozu and motion the lips as 
if in talk. One main aim is so to arrange it. that each person will zcalk 

Frances ^^'KIGHT 



across the stage before the audience at least once during the mingling 
time. After a while the music will begin, then the trumpeter shouts, 
"On zvith the dance/' and those in the minuet gather toward the middle 
of the stage and the others form in picturesque groups for a back- 
ground for the dancers. These persons help to center all interest in 
the dance. At the end of the minuet, the dancers lead the grand march 
from the stage and the onlookers follow in pairs after them, going 
zvith ivhomever they are by at the time. 

The object of this scene is to bring out the social characteristics of 
the Oiven community. The minuet is very stately and should give the 
audience the impression that the dancers are to tlie manner born. 




Give ye heed ! The school children's Pageant now draws to a close ! 
There will be a grand review of the persons as they march by. You 
will first hear the song, "New Harmony," sung with the music of the 


A Centennial Tribute 

Music by Mr. Fritz Krull 

Good Father Rapp and worthy band from far across the sea, 
First made their home in Penn's fair land and thence in "Harmonic" ; 
Here primal forests dense were felled and happy homes sprang up, 
And waving grain and garnered store till increase filled the cup. 
But prosperous life could not restrain from mem'ries of the place 
Where first they came to cast their lot with Freedom's new-born race ; 
So from their homes and fertile lands and gardens fair to see. 
They back to Pennland took their way leaving dear "Harmonic." 


Hail ! all hail ! to the fathers so true ! 

Their mem'ries we bless for what they dared do. 

Rich thanks do we bring ; glad songs do we sing 

And rich homage pay on this jubilant day 

To the fathers so true, for what they dared do, 

Outlasting a century just passed away! 

All honor to them on this jubilant day! 



From Scotia's realm the Owen group came to fair "Harmonie" 
Where Rappite homes and fertile lands and gardens fair to see, 
All greeted them as fitting place to live their dreams so grand, 
For bettering the human race in this great Western land. 
Large souls who came from ev'ry part to learn the Master's thought, 
Here from him gained his ideas new and inspiration caught. 
To Robert Owen and his band, our debt is vast to-day ; 
True pioneers in progress they to reach a better way. 

From Harmonic her founders wise, have long since passed away ; 
But they have left a shining light in which we walk to-day. 
Who meet to mark a hundred years since here they first began 
Their noble effort to uplift the entire life of man. 
Sacred this spot to every soul that sees with forward look 
And values all the good there is in life as well as book. 
Thrice sacred spot ! to those who read the meaning clear and true 
Of knowledge, love and will in man, that works the power to do ! 

As the pageant ends, the band plays America and the entire audi- 
ence joins in the singing. Band continues to play other selections till 
the company is dispersed. 


I take this opportunity to acknowledge my indebtedness to Mr. 
George B. Lockwood for the free use of his book, "The New Harmony 
Communities," and to the Journal of William Owen, written at the 
time the New Harmony settlements were being made, along with the 
other invaluable books in the New Harmony library which have been 
so kindly put in my hands by the librarian, Mrs. Nora Fretageot. 

I am further indebted to the kind friends in New Harmony for 
their generous consideration in helping to make the school children's 
pageant a success. My gratitude to Mrs. Corinne Barcus for the 
music to the stanza of the Fjoston Hymn, and to Mr. Fritz Krull for 
the music to the Centennial Tribute will be lasting. 


Assistant Directors 

Introduction— Mrs. Charles K. Cox 
Pioneer Episode — Miss Louise Husband 
Rapp Episode— Mrs. Emma M. Wolfe 
Owen Episode— Mrs. D. W. Donald 
Review of the Pageant— W. B. Mum- 


Miss Caroline C. Pelham 
Miss Sophia Miesel 
Miss Lena Heuring 
Miss Goldie V. Brill 
Mr. G. U. Hargitt 




Chairman of the Committees 

Cast— Miss Bertha E. Cox 
Costumes— Mrs. Helen Chadwick 
Music— Miss Geraldine Pote and 

Mrs. George L. Ford 
Stage Properties— Mr. Will Chaffin 

Posters— Mrs. George L. Ford and Rose 

Publicity— Mr. Court Corbin 
Reception— Mr. J. W. Hiatt 

Advisory Committee 
Governor Samuel Ralston VV. V. Mangrum 
Charles Greathouse Meredith Nicholson 

Y^^^J.S^ ^- Lockwood Booth Tarkington 

Wilham Lowe Bryan Mrs. Julia Fried Walker 

Logan Esary Mrs. Eugene F. Owen 

Mrs. Bella Golden 
Mrs. Elisa L. Ford 
Mrs. Phoebe Stoker Elliott 
Miss Anna Birbeck Ford 



Primary Grades 
Dalton Anderson 
Delia Anderson 
Margaret Armstrong 
Elmer Axton 
Elwood Axton 
Leslie Axton 
Ruth Axton 
Everett Axton 
William Benton 
Elbert Burrows 
Mary Louise Burrows 
Russell Burrows 
Elizabeth Bruce 
Priscilla Bruce 
Gladys Chafifin 
Goldie Clayton 
Joseph Colgate 
Joseph Conrad 
Fannie Cox 
Mary Cox 
Stella Crackels 
Anna Davis 
Ina Davis 
Maurice Davis 
Denzill Dunbar 
Frank Eaton 
Helen Endicott 
Lloyd Fettinger 
Georgia Fischer 
Robert Franklin 
Theodore Frayser 
Chester Freeman 

Genevieve Freeman 
Gordon Freeman 
Guy Freeman 
Mary Fretageot 
Copeland Garris 
Joseph Garris 
Alfred Gentry 
Mary Given 
Charles Givens 
Beulah Goodman 
Margie Goodman 
Julia Green 
Charles Gregory 
Viola Gregory 
Camilla Harvey 
Fannie Heckman 
Francis Heckman 
Ivan Hinderliter 
Paul Hobby 

Eloise Hopson 

Herschell Holland 

Lena Holland 

Elmer Holies 

Genevieve Hollis 

George Horton 

Lavona HufF 

Harold Hugo 

Edgar Hunter 

Genevieve Hurd 

Gerald Hurd 

Maurice Hurd 

Richard Hurd 

Mabel Johnson 

Richard Johnson 
Mabel Jones 
Charles Kemmerling 
Gennie Kemmerling 
Helen Kramer 
Helen Kuykendall 
Herbert Lane 
Paulinees Lawless 
Harry Linville 
Joseph Loehr 
Robert Loehr 
John Mangrum 
Beulah Marshall 
Dora Marshall 
Sylvester Marshall 
Louis Matler 
Nellie McCoy 
Chester Morris 
Roy Morris 
Nora Moutrey 
Robert Moutrey 
Gladys Mynatt 
Gussie O'Neel 
Raymond Nelson 
Sarah Nelson 
Neva Nickens 
Lena Owens 
Malcom Owens 
Horace Parker 
Aleta Pelt 
Fred Pendle 
Georgia Perry 
Lillie Petty 




Percy Petty- 
Lena Pevens 
Neva Pickens 
Dorothy Pool 
Orum Rawlings 
Arthur Rutledge 
Elsie Rtitledge 
Roy Sanders 
Floyd Schaflfer 
Frances Shephard 
John Shephard 
Rosana Shephard 
Lilian Smith 
Nora Smith 
Dale Stallings 
Henrietta Stanley 
Worth Stanley 
Eloise Stone 
Geraldine Stone 
Delia Strickland 
Irene Voliva 
May Voliva 
Aline Wade 
Chelsia Wade 
Pearl Wade 
Arthur Watson 
Elbert Watson 
Ellolee Welchance 
Paul Welchance 
Thelma Welchance 
Oma White 
Irma Whitehead 
Ellen Wiggins 
Fern Wiggins 
Fred Wiggins 
Ercell Willy 
Menzie Worley 
Walter Worley 
John Wright 
Elizabeth York 

Grammar Grades 

Robert Alsop 
Bennie Anderson 
Catherine Anderson 
Clara Anderson 
Richard Anderson 
Mildred Arman 
Maurice Armstrong 
Dorothy Axton 
Eugenia Pjailey 
Jeanette Bailey 

Copeland Baldwin 
Lena Baldwin 
Aline Bluff 
Tvarene Burgett 
Elzada Burrows 
Marie Cain 
John Carr 
Presley Carr 
Lela Cato 
Ruth Cato 
Harold Chaffin 
Roy Clayton 
Hester Collins 
Lucile Conrad 
Ethel Cox 
Lonnie Cox 
Mary Cox 
Wallace Cox 
Vincent Crabb 
Vera Davis 
Bessie Denbo 
Joseph Denninger 
Rosa Denninger 
John Donald 
Frank Egler 
Geraldine Endicott 
Ralph Endicott 
Edna Freeman 
Ethel Freeman 
Garris Freeman 
Paul Freeman 
Roy Freeman 
Walter Finnel 
Lydia Frieg 
Maxwell Garris 
Martin Greve 
Malcolm Hancock 
Kenneth Hayden 
Albert Heckman 
Eloise Hedge 
Elsie Hempfling 
Marie Holmes 
Anna Horton 
Margie Huff 
Herbert Hugo 
Menzie Kemmerling 
Winfred Lance 
Merrill Mann 
Inez Martin 
Viola Martin 
Stanley Mitchell 
Herbert Moore 

Iva Moutray 
Jessie Moutray 
Erma Nick ens 
Vern Nickens 
Ethel Oxford 
Charlie Pendle 
Maude Pendle 
Naomi Rawlings 
Arvis Smith 
Donald Smith 
Helen Smith 
Orvall Smith 
Etta Stallings 
Marcella Stallings 
Ralph Stanley 
Carl Stephens 
Elsie Stephens 
Joseph Stockert 
Frederick Stockert 
Bessie Streamer 
Etna Streamer 
Nellie Strickland 
Ernest Sundermeier 
Pearl Volvia 
Andrew Vandaveer 
Bertha Wade 
Mary Wade 
William Wade 
Elsie Watson 
Winston Welchance 
Edwin Willv 
Hugh White 
Mina White 
Martha Whitehead 
Maurice Whitehead 
Alfred Wright 
Rov Wright 
Paul York 

High ScJwol 

Bunell Alsop 
Leora Armstrong 
Mary Bailey 
Ellwood Burrows 
Robert Chaffin 
Mildred Collins 
Eunice Cox 
Margaret Cox 
Raymond Cox 
Margaret Crabb 

George Dinger 

Dorothy Donald 
Mildred Donald 
Agnes Drinkwater 
Ruth Elliott 
Mabel Endicott 
Harold Frazier 
Bertha Freeman 
Noah Fifer 
I\Iary Frieg 
Ethel Green 
Herbert Hall 
Bernice Hawkins 
Dewy Hancock 
Louis Heckmann 
Robert Hinson 
Clara May Hobby 
Helen Horton 
Geraldine Hume 
Arvil Hyatt 
Alvin Johnson 
Paul Johnson 
Oliver Kemmerling 
Pote Kemmerling 
Charles Lawless 
Richard Lawless 
Rose Linxwiler 
Elmer Miller 
Elmer Meyers 
Mina Robinson 
Kenneth Nash 
Earl Neel 
Mabel Pendle 
Lawrence Record 
Manford Record 
John Rutledge 
Ruth Saltzman 
Charles Schisley 
Wilbur Smith 
Neva Stockert 
Tsabelle Stallings 
Natalie Wade 
Pearl Wade 
Clovce Walls 
Mabel Wbittaker 
Owen Willy 
Gordon Wilson 
Bessie Woodson 
Oliver Wolfe 
Nettie York 


Los Angeles 
This book is DUE on the last date stamped bcl^||^^ Uf-JJ^ 

'APR 17 

WIAR 2 7" 


OCT 2^7 
* ^^^0 laiL JAN 15 1990 

JAM 1 6 1990 

C E-!pV E D 


I 6 1990 

Form L9-75m-7,'61(C1437s4)444 

JjUC* /^--xuii